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What are the 5 types of Cyber Security?

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Cyber security services safeguards a computer’s Internet-connected systems, hardware, software, and data against cyber-attacks. Hackers can gain access to your computer system and misuse your personal information, customer information, business intelligence, and much more if you do not have a security plan in place.

Types of Cyber Security Services

There are 5 types of cyber security services:

1. Network Security

Network security is a set of technologies which protects the usability and integrity of a company’s infrastructure by preventing a wide range of potential threats from entering or spreading within a network. A network security architecture is made up of tools that safeguard both the network and the applications that run on it.

Effective network security strategies employ multiple scalable and automated lines of defence. Each defensive layer enforces the administrator’s set of security policies.

Network security is becoming more difficult in today’s hyper-connected world as more business applications migrate to private and public clouds. Furthermore, applications are increasingly being virtualized and distributed across multiple locations, some of which are beyond the physical control of IT security teams.

With the number of cyber-attacks on businesses increasing, protecting network traffic as well as infrastructure is critical.


Network security is critical to a company’s ability to provide customers with products and services and employees. From online stores to enterprise applications to remote desktops, securing apps and data on the network is critical for business advancement, let alone protecting an organisation’s reputation. Furthermore, effective network security can improve network performance by reducing downtime caused by successful attacks.2.

2. Critical Infrastructure Security

All physical and virtual assets, systems, and networks that are critical to the proper functioning of a society’s economy, national public health or safety, security, and any combination of the above are considered critical infrastructure.

Food and agriculture sectors, transport networks (e.g., roads, railways, highways, airports), water supply (e.g., drinking water, waste water/sewage), mobile and internet networks, public health (e.g., hospitals, ambulances), energy (oil and natural gas), electric utilities, financial services, telecommunication services, defence, and more are all examples of critical infrastructure.

Although all nations’ critical infrastructure is similar due to basic living needs, critical infrastructure can vary depending on a nation’s unique needs, resources, and level of development.

Industrial control systems (ICS), such as supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, are frequently used in critical infrastructure industries to automate industrial processes. Attacks on SCADA and other industrial control systems are a major source of concern.

They have the potential to compromise vital systems such as transportation, gas and oil supply, electrical grids, water distribution, and wastewater collection on a large scale. Due to the connections and interdependence of infrastructure systems and sectors, if one or more functions fail or experience a blackout, it can have an immediate and negative impact on multiple sectors.

3. Application Security

Application security, abbreviated as AppSec, includes all tasks that create a secure software development life cycle to development teams. Its ultimate goal is to improve security practices and, as a result, detect, repair, as well as ideally, avoid application security flaws. It includes requirements analysis, design, implementation, testing, and maintenance throughout the application life cycle.

Application security may include hardware, software, and procedures for identifying and mitigating security flaws. A router that prevents anyone from viewing a computer’s IP address over the Internet is an example of hardware application security. However, application-level security controls, such as an application firewall that strictly limits what actions are permitted and prohibited, are frequently built into software.


Even though today’s applications are frequently accessible across multiple networks and linked to the cloud, they are more vulnerable to security attacks as well as breaches. There is increasing pressure and incentive to ensure network security as well as security within individual applications.

One explanation is that hackers are focusing their attacks on applications more than ever before. Application security testing can reveal application-level flaws, which can aid in the prevention of these attacks.

The sooner and earlier you detect and address security issues in the software development process, the safer your company will be. Everyone makes mistakes; the trick is to recognise them as soon as possible.

4. Cloud Security

Cloud security, also known as cloud computing security, is a set of security safeguards designed to safeguard cloud-based infrastructure, applications, and data. These safeguards protect user and device authentication, data and resource access control, and data privacy.

They also aid in the compliance of regulatory data. Cloud security is used in cloud environments to protect a company’s data from DDoS attacks, malware, hackers, and unauthorised user access or use.


Since most businesses already use cloud computing in some form or another, cloud security is critical.   IT professionals are still concerned about moving more data and applications to the cloud because of security, governance, and compliance issues that arise when their data is stored in the cloud.

They are concerned that highly sensitive business information and intellectual property may be compromised as a result of unintentional leaks or increasingly sophisticated cyber threats. Protecting data and business content, like customer orders, secret design documents, and financial records, is a critical component of cloud security. .

5. Internet of Things(IoT) Security

While still in its early stage as a part of cybersecurity , the Internet of Things (IoT) as a business enabler has matured into a well-defined set of use cases that solve pressing business problems and deliver operational and cost benefits across a wide range of industries, including healthcare, retail, financial services, utilities, transportation, and manufacturing.

The rapid development and adoption of IoT technology has fueled a transformation in enterprise operations, with IoT devices now accounting for 30% of total devices on enterprise networks. The rich data gathered by these devices provides valuable information that inform real-time decisions and provide accurate predictive modelling.

Furthermore, IoT is a critical enabler of digital transformation in the enterprise, with the potential to increase workforce productivity, business efficiency, and profitability, as well as to reduce costs.


IoT security can be defined as a cybersecurity strategy and protection mechanism that protects against cyberattacks that specifically target physical IoT devices connected to the network. Without strong security, any connected IoT device is vulnerable to breach, compromise, and control by a bad actor, allowing them to eventually infiltrate, steal user data, and bring systems down.

The overarching challenge for IoT security is that as large numbers of diverse IoT devices continue to connect to the network, the attack surface expands dramatically in parallel. Finally, the overall network security posture is reduced to the level of integrity and protection provided by the least secure device.

About DriveIt

DriveIT Technologies, a leading Indian enabler, provides cyber security services. We transform cyber security issues into innovative solutions that meet our customers’ needs. Working closely with our clients to secure and optimise their critical information technology infrastructure is one of our primary strategies.

The client’s IT infrastructure will be secure, redundant, reliable, and recoverable with our assistance, allowing them to run their core businesses profitably and successfully. Cyber threats can have serious consequences for your business in an ever-changing threat environment. You can, however, mitigate the risks that could harm your reputation and finances if you have strong cyber threat intelligence.

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